Information is an asset for any organization and since it needs to be protected in a proper way. This is similar to other important business assets and personal attributes which play an important role in the overall development of an organization. In no way you can ignore the importance of information that is valuable to the company. With the rise in the cyber crimes, such as hacking, data thefts, data losses and virus attacks in the networking and software related jobs, a huge demand for information security training can also be seen.
Today more and more companies are giving due importance to information security as it helps in protecting information from a wide range of threats such as hacking, loss of data and lots more. If information security in an organization is maintained in a proper way it ensures business continuity, minimize business losses and maximize return on investments and business opportunities. This promises overall growth of a company or organization.
But in no way information is limited to just protection of stored data in a computer. Information security not only protect data but also the privacy of an individual. Information can exist in many forms. It can be printed or written on paper, stored electronically, transmitted by post or using electronic means, shown on films, or spoken in conversation. Whatever form the information takes, whatever the means by which it is shared or stored, it should always be appropriately protected by experts who have proper information security training.
Information security consists of preserving the following elements:
a) Confidentiality: Ensuring that information can only be accessed by those with the proper authorization within or outside the organization. Most of the time breaches of confidentiality happens due to improper handling of data through printing, copying, e-mailing or creating documents, etc.
b) Integrity: Safeguarding the accuracy and completeness of information and the ways in which it is processed. 'Integrity' can be referred to as indicators of information security or lack of it. Here integrity is not just restricted towards the correctness of data but it also relates to verification of whether the data can be trusted and relied upon.
c) Availability: Ensuring that authorized users have access to information and associated assets whenever required. This helps in delivering, storing and processing of important and confidential data in a responsible way.
d) Accountability: There are different departments in an organization, and hence confidential information needs to be protected and secured in all possible way. Here it is ensured that internal information and data is not to be shared or divulged to unauthorized persons but only with senior and responsible position holders. There are even some trained people entrusted with the responsibility of protecting the assets and confidential data.
e) Audit-ability: Here a system is maintained to backtrack so that the positioning of a system can be determined during any emergency. Secondly, with auditing it becomes sure that the systems have all the necessary documented requirements.
Well, there is no single way to ensure information security. You need to implement information security by maintaining capable controls on policies, procedures, organizational structures and software functions.